Violence Prevention


Violence Prevention

The Hampton University-Howard University (HU2)Violence Prevention Research among African-American Males

Violence Prevention Research Project focuses on the issue of violence among African-American males and will extend its findings from this population to other minority populations affected by violence.  The research has the following specific aims:

Aim 1:  To empirically test the effects of a multi-dimensional family and culture based violence prevention program on rates of violent attitudes and behavioral inclinations among at-risk African American boys and men.

  • To utilize an experimental design to establish statistical support for the impact of family and culture related variables (protective factors) on violent attitudes and behavioral inclinations among at-risk African American boys and men.
  • To demonstrate the additive effect of family- and culture-related variables (protective factors) to existing evidence-based factors (risk factors) that have proven effective in reducing violence based on previous research.

Aim 2:  To experimentally manipulate family and culture related variables (protective factors) as well as previously supported evidence based factors (risk factors) through a longitudinal program that introduces workshops, mentoring, educational resources, and service activities.

  • To increase racial identification, communalism, racial socialization, and spiritualism (i.e. culture related variables) as well as increase positive perceptions of parent-child relationships, inter-parental relationships, and effective co-parenting (i.e. family variables).
  • To simultaneously increase self-efficacy, self-esteem, perceived social support, problem solving skills and cognitive abilities, anger management strategies, emotional regulation, moral reasoning and conflict resolution and treat as statistical controls to demonstrate the effectiveness of the culture-related and family related variables.

 Aim 3:  To revise and replicate the proposed research based on findings from the initial study and to generalize the research to populations within the U.S.

  • To refine the proposed research to ensure applicability to specific gender and ethnic groups.

In all, the HU2 Violence Prevention Program seeks to incorporate best practices and elements of evidence-based programs that have been found to be most effective, but also offers a comprehensive and strength-based model as we place relatively greater emphasis in our interventions on protective factors - particularly the resilience and cultural assets of African American males. 

Key People


Name Organization Role
Prof. Van Dora Williams Hampton University Co-PI
Dr. Linda Malone-Colon Hampton University PI
Dr. Zina McGee Hampton University Co-PI
Dr. Candice Wallace Hampton University Co-PI
Nineveh Haysbert Hampton University PC
Crystal Cotten Faison Howard University PD
Dr. A. Wade Boykin Howard University PI
Mr. Freddie Simmons Hampton-Newport News Communities Svcs. Community Partner
Mr. Leonard Tony Upson Howard University Consultant


National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD)

Funding for the Minority Men's Health Initiative is supported by the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD) of the NIH,
award number U54MD008621-01.

Partner Institutions

Howard University National Association for Equal Opportunity in Higher Education North Carolina A&T State University Clark Atlanta University